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Understanding the diverse forms of adoption in Pennsylvania

On Behalf of | May 18, 2023 | Adoptions |

In Pennsylvania, adoption allows individuals and couples to become the legal parents of a child who is not biologically their own. This process not only provides a nurturing home for children in need but also allows individuals and couples to fulfill their desires to start or expand a family.

It is important to understand that adoption in Pennsylvania is not a one-size-fits-all process. There are several types of adoption, each with its unique procedures and requirements.

Public adoption

Public adoption is one of the common forms of adoption in Pennsylvania. This type involves adopting a child from the state’s foster care system. Children under this system are often older and may have special needs or be part of a sibling group. They need a stable, loving home and the system offers resources and support to help adoptive parents care for them.

Private domestic adoption

Private domestic adoption typically involves adopting an infant directly from the birth mother or parents. Often, an adoption agency facilitates the process, providing necessary counseling and support to both the adoptive and birth parents. Some companies provide adoption benefits to help their employees who want to adopt.

International adoption

International adoption, also known as intercountry adoption, is a process that involves adopting a child from a foreign country. Each country has its own set of rules and procedures for adoption, which adoptive parents must follow in addition to Pennsylvania’s state laws.

Kinship or relative adoption

Pennsylvania also recognizes kinship or relative adoption. This type of adoption occurs when a relative, such as a grandparent, aunt, uncle or adult sibling, adopts a child within their family. This is often done to provide a stable and loving environment for a child when the birth parents cannot do so.

Adoption in Pennsylvania is a multi-faceted process with various forms to suit different family dynamics and needs. Understanding the different forms of adoption available in Pennsylvania can make the journey less daunting. It can help potential adoptive parents make the best decision for their families.